Thursday, April 9, 2015
IndiaToday.in New Delhi, March 23, 2015 | UPDATED 17:02 IST
On 23rd March 1931, India witnessed the execution of three of its most influential and popular revolutionaries. As we pay homage to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on their 84th martyrdom anniversary on Monday, here is a picture of the death warrant of Bhagat Singh, issued to the superintendent of the Central Jail of Lahore, signed by the president of the tribunal.
The image has been doing rounds on the social media.
Bhagat Singh and B K Dutt threw a bomb inside the Central Assembly hall in New Delhi on April 8, 1929 to protest against the British rule in India. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were also tried for shooting and killing British Superintendent of Police Saunders on December 17, 1928, and were awarded the death sentence. Following a hasty trial of the Lahore Conspiracy Case, they were executed by the British a day earlier than the scheduled hanging in the Central Jail at Lahore at 7.15 pm on March 23, 1931.
Source: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/bhagat-singh-death-warrant-martyrdom-anniversary/1/425237.html [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Kounteya Sinha & Anahita Mukherji, TNN | Apr 1, 2015, 06.35AM IST
LONDON/MUMBAI: Indian courts sentenced 64 people to death in 2014, making India one of the top 10 in a list of 55 countries where such sentences were handed out last year.
India was also one of seven countries that had executed people on 2013, but carried out no executions in 2014, Amnesty International's Death Penalty Report 2015 released on Tuesday noted.
The figures from India mirror worldwide data, which shows a 22% decrease in executions in 2014 compared with the previous year, but a 28% increase in death sentences when compared with 2013.
While at least 607 people were executed worldwide in 2014, 2,466 were sentenced to death. Three countries — Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia — were responsible for 72% of the 607 recorded executions.
The figure for executions represents the minimum number of people executed, as data on the death penalty is a state secret in Belarus, China and Vietnam, while little or no information was available from countries like Syria and North Korea.
Though China does not release official figures for the death penalty, Amnesty International monitored executions in the country and found them to be more that the rest of the world put together.
Amnesty has taken a clear stand against the death sentence. "Governments using the death penalty to tackle crime are deluding themselves. There is no evidence that the threat of execution is a greater deterrent to crime than any other punishment," Amnesty International secretary general Salil Shetty said.
"Governments must stop justifying judicial killing on the notion that it has a unique deterrent effect," added Amnesty's death penalty expert Chiara Sangiorgio.
The Death Penalty Research Project of the National Law University (Delhi) found 270 people in India were currently on death row, while eight had their mercy petitions rejected in 2014.
The 64 new death sentences handed out in India last year were for murder and, for the first time since the 2013 amendment to the criminal law, for rape by repeat offenders.
"In India, as with a lot of other countries, violence against women has been used to justify the death penalty. And yet, study after study across the world shows that there is no proof that death penalty is a greater deterrent for crime than imprisonment," said Shailesh Rai, senior policy advisor at Amnesty International India.
He said handing out death sentences is mere tokenism, and evades the real problem which can only be solved through judicial and police reforms.
"The conviction rate for rape in India is 27% and this is only for cases that make it to the trial stage. Only one in 100 cases of sexual violence are reported. When the certainty of punishment is so low, increasing the severity of punishment at the end of a long and tedious process makes for a false argument in support of the death sentence."
The execution of Afzal Guru, points out Rai, is an instance where the death penalty was used as a political tool, rather than a tool for criminal justice. India hanged him in secret in February 2013.
In a landmark judgment in January 2014, the Supreme Court commuted the death sentences of 15 people — 13 on the grounds of an inordinate delay in hearing their mercy petitions, and two on the grounds of mental illness.
The judgment noted that an "undue, inordinate and unreasonable delay in execution of death sentence amounted to torture".
The Asia-Pacific region recorded a decline in the number of death sentences in 2014 compared with the previous year, largely because Bangladesh recorded a very high number of death sentences in 2013.
Pakistan lifted a six-year moratorium on executing civilians after the attack on a Peshawar school. Incidentally, the US is the only country in the Americas to carry out executions.
From 1995 to 2014, Amnesty recorded a 66% increase in the number of countries abolishing the death penalty, from 59 to 98.
During this period, there has also been a nearly 50% decline in the number of countries carrying out executions, which came down from 41 to 22.
Death Sentence And Executions 2014: Amnesty International report
Executions took place in 22 countries in 2014, the same number of countries as in 2013
At least 607 executions were carried out worldwide, a decrease of almost 22% compared with 2013. (China not included, doesn't share data)
At least 2,466 people are known to have been sentenced to death in 2014, a 28% increase compared with 2013 (largely because of Egypt/Nigeria)
7 countries, including India that executed convicts in 2013 did not do so in 2014
While the government of India scheduled several executions in 2014, none were carried out
Over 64 people in India sentenced to death in 2014
270 people in India were under the sentence of death and that eight people had their mercy petitions rejected in 2014
Pakistan lifted 6-year moratorium on the execution of civilians in the wake of the Peshawar school attack.
Commutations or pardons of death sentences recorded in 28 countries including India.
Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/uk/India-one-of-top-10-nations-where-death-sentences-were-handed-out-last-year/articleshow/46764947.cms [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Faiz Rahman Siddiqui, TNN | Mar 31, 2015, 09.07AM IST
KANPUR: The district and sessions judge of Farrukhabad sentenced a history-sheeter, accused of killing a police officer, to death on Monday.
Accused Chandra Prakash Kori had shot dead SHO of Kotwali Raj Kumar Singh on November 30, 2014.
A team from Kotwali police station, headed by Raj Kumar Singh, had arrived at Lakula Bagh Rustam area to arrest Kori in connection with the murderous attack on corporator Rakesh Gangwar. When the police asked him to surrender, Kori took out a firearm and shot at inspector Raj Kumar Singh from close range.
Singh suffered bullet injuries on his chest and fainted on the spot. He was rushed to Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in Farrukhabad, where doctors pronounced him dead. Later, policemen chased and arrested Kori after a brief exchange of fire. The police had claimed to recover a country-made pistol of 315 bore and several cartridges from Kori.
The country-made gun used in killing Singh was purchased by the accused for Rs 3,500 from an arms dealer in Kiratpur area of the district.
The police registered a case against Kori under Section 302 (punishment for murder), 506 (punishment for criminal intimidation) and 25/27 Arms Act.
The court ruled that the case was rare and that accused should be given harshest punishment.
District and sessions judge Rajan Chaudhary ordered accused be hanged till death.
The family members of the deceased SHO said: "We were hopeful that court will announce death sentence to the accused. Now, no criminal will dare to attack a police official."
Raj Kumar Singh had taken charge of SHO Farrukhabad Kotwali police station on October 10, 2014 after being transferred from Hamirpur district. A native of Rae Bareli, he had joined UP police service as a sub-inspector in 1984. He is survived by his wife, two daughters and a son.
Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kanpur/SOs-killer-given-death-sentence/articleshow/46753452.cms [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Press Trust of India | Berhampore (WB) March 26, 2015 Last Updated at 21:07 IST
A man was awarded death sentence and his mother life imprisonment by a local court today for gouging out the eyes of a child and strangulating him to death about six years ago.
Berhampore additional district judge Anita Mathur passed the order against Babu Mollah (35) and his mother Manjuma (60).
Five-and-a-half-year-old Sohail Biswas, son of a neighbour, was enticed by Manjuma to their house at Durlabhpara village in Jalangi on April 6, 2009.
The two gouged out the child's eyes and Mollah, who is visually impaired, strangulated him to death. The search for the missing boy ended after his body was found in a gunny bag from a pond near his home four days later.
A complaint was lodged with the police by Sohail's parents and Manjuma was arrested after villagers said they had seen her throwing the bag into the pond.
During the trial the two confessed that they had gouged out the child's eyes to facilitate cornea transplant for Mollah. They then strangulated him out of fear of being caught.
The court had passed a similar order in the case on August 30, 2013. The mother and the son had approached Kolkata High Court which then sent back the case for the review. The court upheld its earlier judgement today.
http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/man-gets-death-sentence-mother-life-115032601228_1.html [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Press Trust of India | Sheohar (Bihar) March 30, 2015 Last Updated at 21:13 IST
A court in Bihar's Sheohar district today awarded death sentence to four suspected Maoists convicted in the murderof five people in an attack at a village in Bihar's Sheohar district five years ago.
Additional District and Sessions Judge Sampoornand Tiwari sentenced to death Ugan Ram Atkoni, Hamid Ansari, Santosh Sah and Bhagirath Sah, suspected Maoists, after finding them guilty in the murder of five people Raman Village on May 11, 2010.
The victims - Mukesh Rai, father Siyaram Rai, uncle Sribhagwan Rai, Manohar Thakur and Vishwat Thakur - were hacked to death, Public Prosecutor Shalendra said.
Subodh Kumar, now a mukhiya of Rohua panchayat, had lodged an FIR after the attack.
Source: http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/four-suspected-maoists-get-death-sentence-in-murder-case-115033000942_1.html [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Ten years after a man was awarded death sentence for killing his wife, two minor sons and a neighbourhood woman in upper Assam, President Pranab Mukherjee has commuted his death sentence to life imprisonment. This is a rare case where the President has accepted the mercy petition of a person convicted for gruesome murders. Earlier, Mukherjee had rejected mercy petitions of 22 death row convicts at a stretch. Man Bahadur Dewan alias Tote Dewan, now 63-years-old and lodged in Jorhat Central Jail, rarely had a visitor all these years as his surviving son and daughter had shunned him after the crime.
According to the prosecution, Dewan, a resident of Sessapukhuri Nepali basti under Moranhat police station in Sivasagar district, nearly 420 km east of Guwahati, had picked up a quarrel with his wife Gouri (35) on September 29, 2002. That night, though the quarrel came to an end with his wife preferring to remain silent, Dewan remained restless, until he woke up around 4 am, picked up a dao (machete), and hacked her to death. He then also hacked his two sons Rajib (10) and Kajib (who was just about eight months old) and started looking for his another son Raju and daughter Jyotimaya.
Raju and Jyotimaya, however, had already run away the previous night on seeing their father getting violent during the quarrel, and were sleeping in the house of a relative. Dewan, who came out of the house with the dao first knocked at the door of Prasad Dewan and Bijoy Dewan, but as the two did not open the door, he proceeded to the next house which belonged to one Raj Kumar Dewan. There he found Raj Kumar’s 60-year-old mother Bidhimaya in the compound, and even without uttering a word simply inflicted two blows with the dao on her neck.
Dewan then returned to his house, picked up the severed head of son Rajib, put it in a plastic bag and proceeded to Moranhat police station where he surrendered. While Dewan was awarded death sentence by the then Sivasagar Sessions Judge B D Agarwal on December 26, 2003. Later the Gauhati High Court and the Supreme Court rejected appeals against death sentence. He then filed a mercy plea before the Assam governor on September 2, 2005, who rejected it on December 23, 2013. He then sent the plea to the President on February 10, 2014.
The President is believed to have relied upon the opinion of the Home Ministry which had advised him to take a lenient view of the case. The Ministry is learnt to have advised Mukherjee that Dewan is from a poor background and murdered his wife, sons and a neighbour due to abject poverty and unemployment.
Source: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/president-pranab-mukherjee-commutes-death-penalty-of-assam-man/ [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Indian Express 09 April 2015
Saturday , March 28 , 2015
Jorhat, March 27: The commutation of the death sentence of Bahadur Dewan alias Tote Dewan - a death row convict lodged at the Central Jail Jorhat - to life sentence by President Pranab Mukherjee yesterday has ended the uncertainty in the prisoner's life.
The prisoner had filed a mercy petition before the President almost a year ago. Earlier, a similar mercy petition had remained pending with the Assam governor for eight years, with the then governor J.B. Patnaik rejecting the plea on December 23, 2013. Dewan, 66, had sent his mercy petition to Rashtrapati Bhavan through the jail authorities, who forwarded it to the state home department on February 10, 2014.
Dewan had requested jail officials to assist him in filing the mercy petition to the President, as he has no family and no one has come to the jail to meet him till date, prison sources said. Dewan, who hails from Seshapukhuri Nepali Basti under Morhanhat police station in Sivasagar district, had hacked to death his wife Gouri, 35, sons Rajib, 10, and eight-month-old Kajib, and neighbour Budhimaya Dewan, 60, on September 30, 2002.
He reportedly had a quarrel with his wife the night before and after waking up early next morning, he picked up a dao (machete) and hacked Gouri and their two sons to death. He then knocked on the door of his neighbour Budhimaya and when she opened it, killed her as well. He has been lodged in Central Jail Jorhat since he was shifted from Sivasagar District Jail on April 12, 2004. The death sentence was awarded to him by the Sivasagar district and sessions court on December 26, 2003 followed by confirmation of the sentence by Gauhati High Court on April 28, 2005, and then by the Supreme Court on August 8, 2005.
Central Jail Jorhat, jailor Sanjib Kumar Chetia told The Telegraph that no official communication has been received regarding commutation of the death sentence till late this afternoon. Chetia, however, said based on media reports, the authorities had informed Dewan about the development. "Some prison inmates read about it (commutation) in the newspapers and could have told Dewan, so we thought we should inform him before he comes to know about the matter from inmates," Chetia said. He added that Dewan was told that the official letter in this regard was yet to arrive. The jailor said Dewan, who mostly keeps to himself and hardly speaks with other prisoners, smiled on hearing that he has been spared the gallows.
Chetia said Dewan thanked the jail officials, who had drafted the mercy plea and asked him whether there was any legal option available to him to petition the government to set him free. The jailor had assured him (Dewan) that he would discuss the matter with his senior officials and let him know. Chetia said the death row convict works in the jail garden voluntarily and is very possessive about the flowers. "Dewan's conduct is good and he seldom interacts with jail staff and other inmates," he added. Chetia said Dewan earns Rs 55 a day for working in the jail garden and uses the money to buy necessary items. In his plea to the President, Dewan has said he committed the murders because of an "unsound state of mind" and later surrendered himself to police. "I had no motive to commit such a crime but owing to my mental insanity I could not control my rage. Sir, I have already spent 11 years in jail and I repent my act and assure you I shall never indulge in any kind of confrontation in jail........." Dewan said in his plea.
Source: http://www.telegraphindia.com/1150328/jsp/frontpage/story_11280.jsp#.VSZ5V_mUeQo [last accessed 09 April 2015]
TNN | Mar 28, 2015, 06.38AM IST NEW DELHI: The death sentence of a murder convict from Assam has been commuted to life imprisonment by President Pranab Mukherjee. This is one of the rare cases where Mukherjee has commuted the death sentence after becoming President in 2012. The relief to the condemned prisoner came after the President rejected mercy petitions of 22 death row convicts at a stretch. The President commuted the death sentence of Man Bahadur Dewan, alias Tote Dewan, from Assam's Dibrugarh district, to life imprisonment, sources said.
Dewan was sentenced to death for killing his wife Gauri and two minor sons, Rajib and Kajib, in September 2002. He had also killed one of his neighbours, Bidhimaya, and surrendered before the police after the multiple murders. The death sentence of 1993 blast convict Yakub Menon, whose mercy petition was rejected by the President, has been stayed by the Supreme Court. Nithari serial rape and murder convict Surender Koli's mercy petition, too, was rejected by Mukherjee. In Dewan's case, Mukherjee is believed to have relied upon the opinion of the home ministry which had advised him to take a lenient view of the case. The ministry is learnt to have advised Mukherjee that Dewan was from a poor background and murdered his wife, sons and a neighbour due to abject poverty and unemployment.
Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/After-22-rejections-President-commutes-death-sentence-of-Assam-man-who-killed-four/articleshow/46722185.cms [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Last Updated: Wednesday, March 11, 2015 - 20:12 New Delhi:
Yaqub Abdul Razak Memon, the mastermind of the 1993 Mumbai serial bomb blasts, told the Supreme Court on Wednesday that the death sentence given to him was against the law as there was no mention in the trial court judgment of holding him guilty of murder. "There is no word in the trial court judgment that I am guilty of murder or culpable homicide not amounting to murder, yet I have been awarded death sentence," counsel Jaspal Singh, appearing for Memon, told the bench of Justice Anil R. Dave, Justice J. Chelameswar and Justice Kurian Joseph. Jaspal Singh told the court that eight-nine accused, who were actually involved in the killing of people, were sentenced to life imprisonment but Memon who was accused of conspiracy to commit the terror act was awarded the death sentence.
The bench was told this during the open court hearing of the review petition by Memon seeking the recall of the March 21, 2013, apex court order upholding his death sentence. A series of 13 explosions on March 12, 1993 in Mumbai had killed 257 people and left 713 injured. The court on June 2, 2014 had suspended the execution of death sentence which was further extended on September 26, 2014, after it had issued notice to the Maharashtra government on his petition seeking an open court hearing. The apex court`s constitution bench on September 2, 2014, had held that the petition seeking the recall of the order upholding the death sentence will be heard in an open court by a bench of three judges.
Though the apex court had earlier rejected the review plea by Memon, it was taken up once again as the constitution bench by its September 2, 2014 judgment had said: "It will also apply where a review petition is already dismissed but the death sentence is not executed so far. In such cases, the petitioners can apply for the reopening of their review petition within one month from the date of this judgment." The apex court on March 21, 2013, while upholding the death sentence of Memon, had commuted the death sentence of 10 others.
Upholding the death sentence, the court in its March 21, 2013, verdict had sought to make a distinction between Memon and the other convicts. "To be clearer on the dominant position, the blasts on March 12, 1993 was at the discretion of the masterminds, meaning thereby, they had the effective control over the incident. It is this effective control over the incident, which is absent in the role played by rest of the appellants," the court said.
Comparing Memon and other masterminds as "archers" and others as "arrows", the court had said: "If we say it in a metaphoric style, A-1 (Memon) and all the absconding accused were the archers whereas rest of the appellants were arrows in their hands." Commuting the death sentence of the 10 others to life imprisonment, the court had said they were mere subordinates in the execution of the conspiracy. Source: http://zeenews.india.com/news/maharashtra/death-sentence-against-law-yaqub-memon-to-sc_1559988.html [last accessed 09 April 2015]
Amit Anand Choudhary,TNN | Apr 9, 2015, 10.45 AM IST
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Thursday dismissed plea of Yakub Memon, seeking review of death sentence awarded to him in 1993 Mumbai blasts case. The apex court order paves the way for Memon's execution, which was stayed after he filed review petition in the Supreme Court. Memon is the sole death convict in 1993 blasts case, in which around 257 lost their lives after a series of bomb blasts rocked Mumbai. Memon's case was that the courts have not given any special reasons for sending him to the gallows. The apex court had in 2013 commuted death sentence of 10 convicts who had parked explosives—laden vehicles at various places in Mumbai, to life term by distinguishing their roles from that of Memon.
Dealing with the case of Memon, a chartered accountant by profession and brother of proclaimed offender Tiger Memon, the court had said he was the "driving force" and a "mastermind" behind the blasts. The designated trial court under the repealed Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act had in 2006 held Memon guilty of criminal conspiracy and financing air tickets to send co-conspirators for arms and RDX training to Pakistan. The conviction was based almost entirely on retracted confessions of the approvers and other co-accused. Memon, who sources said, is not keeping good health and is under medication in Nagpur jail, had sought commutation of the death penalty also on the grounds that he cannot be punished twice for the same offence since he has already served 20 years in prison.
Memon has been in solitary confinement in a separate cell in Nagpur jail since his conviction in 2006. Prior to that, during trial, he was in Mumbai's Arthur Road jail since his return to India with his family to surrender in 1994. Neither Yakub nor any other member of his family confessed in the case. A constitution bench had earlier said a review plea must be given a hearing in an open court, and Memon sought just that. Over 250 people died and more than 700 were injured in the blasts. Yakub's parents, his three brothers and sister-in-law had returned to India with him and were all tried. While his wife, mother and brother Suleiman were acquitted, Yakub, two brothers Essa and Yusuf and sister-in-law Rubeena were convicted and sentenced.
Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/1993-Mumbai-serial-blasts-case-SC-dismisses-plea-of-Yakub-Memon-seeking-review-of-death-sentence/articleshow/46859691.cms [last accessed 09 April 2015]
TNN | Apr 3, 2015, 04.49AM IST
KOLKATA: Calcutta high court on Tuesday spared the life of a man sentenced to death for raping and murdering his 13-year-old stepson in September 2007. Sanjay Haldar alias Batul was on death row but will now spend 25 years in jail. He was the ninth prisoner awaiting execution in the state according to a January 2015 headcount. The trial court had sentenced him to death because it felt Sanjay would be a threat to society if allowed to walk free, but a high court division bench thought differently.
The case dates back to September 27, 2007, when a woman, Mamata Haldar, walked into East Jadavpur police station to file a complaint about her missing son. She said that the 13-year-old boy was last seen with her second husband, Sanjay, and that he always hated the child. She said Sanjay regularly abused him sexually and threatened to kill him. The child's body was found dumped in Dhapa and an autopsy confirmed that he had been raped and strangled to death. The prosecution fielded 14 witnesses, one of whom had seen Sanjay and the child just before the murder at Dhapa. The witness picked out Sanjay from a line-up and a trial court sentenced Sanjay to death, noting that it was a heinous crime. "The victim was helpless. The accused, his stepfather, was in a dominating position and had carnal intercourse with him for several days in a very cold and pre-planned way, concealed evidence and brutally strangled him.
The conduct of the accused proves that he is a man who cannot be rectified or reformed. His free movement in society will be dangerous. If this kind of crime is treated leniently, wrong signals will go out to society," the order read. A high court bench of Justice Ashim Kumar Roy and Justice Ishan Chandra Das agreed that the crime was "undoubtedly grave, serious and heinous". "He had a dirty and perverted mind and no control over his carnal desire. The victim was a helpless boy. Not only did he have carnal intercourse with the boy regularly but murdered him and destroyed evidence.
Nevertheless, it cannot be held that he is such a dangerous person that to spare his life would endanger the community," the bench said, adding that seen in the light of the principle laid down by Supreme Court, Sanjay should be jailed for 25 years rather than executed. SC guidelines on imposing death penalty 1) The court must consider every relevant circumstance relating to the crime and the criminal 2) If the court finds that the offence is of an exceptionally depraved and heinous character and constitutes a danger to society, it may impose the death sentence 3) The court should consider the probability of the accused repeating the crime and the likelihood of him/her being reformed and rehabilitated
Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Calcutta-HC-commutes-death-sentence-of-child-killer/articleshow/46790749.cms [last accessed 09 April 2015]